Laszlo MOHOLY-NAGY

(1895-1946)
Nationality: american

Born in Bacsborsod in Hungary in 1895, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy was destined for a career in law interrupted by the First World War, in which he had to take part as an officer in the Austro-Hungarian army. Wounded, his time spent in convalescence allows him to mature his socialist ideals and to seriously start writing. Encouraged by a friend, an art critic, he attends evening classes at the Robert Berény school where he sets up his first exhibitions. His career as an artist began around 1918. In 1920, having just arrived in Berlin and influenced by Russian Constructivism (El Lissitzky), he turned towards abstraction. His desire to produce works that are objective and free from the painter's touch leads him to concern himself with transparency and light. He perfected his methods on the photogram in 1922. Thanks to the movements of light and shadow, he manages to dematerialize real objects. He thus attracted the attention of the architect Walter Gropius who appointed him professor at the Bauhaus (in Weimar) in 1923. The school's goal of uniting art, science and technology in the service of humanity was perfectly suited to the artist's utopian ambitions. In 1925, the school moved to Dessau. Moholy-Nagy's compositions become more dynamic, and he introduced industrial materials into his practice. In 1928, he becomes director of the Bauhaus, which moves again to Berlin. He then starts a design activity, and also designs posters.

In 1929, he started making films. Most of them deal with the agitation of the city, architecture, or human activity. He uses light to establish a social dialectic, to highlight certain aspects of daily life, to awaken the viewer to politics. The only film that is truly faithful to the abstraction advocated in his writings is also the best known: Lichtspiel Schwarz-Weiss-Grau (or "Jeu de lumière noir-blanc-gris"), based on a kinetic sculpture, the Space-Light Modulator. With this work he completes the work he had initiated in his photograms. The Nazis closed the Bauhaus in 1933, and Moholy-Nagy had to leave Germany. He leaves for Amsterdam and then London in 1935, and emigrates to the United States in 1937, to Chicago, to become a professor at the School of Arts and Industries.

"Movements, strange grids that move. "Drunken" filters, bars. Manholes thrown through small openings; automatic diaphragms. Luminous, moving, blinding lightning. Whirling spirals, always coming back. All solid forms dissolve into light." L.M.-N., screenplay of Lichtspiel Schwarz-Weiss-Grau, in Vision in motion (1947).

11 MOVIES IN DISTRIBUTION

DO NOT DISTURB - JEALOUSY
1945 / color / sound / single screen / 18' 47 / 75 €
distribution: 16mm or DCP on server or Digital file on USB stick
DESIGN WORKSHOPS
1944 / color / sound / single screen / 36' 15 / 129 €
distribution: 16mm or DCP on USB stick or Digital file on USB stick
LOBSTERS
1936 / b&w / silent / single screen / 16' 00 / 65 €
distribution: 16mm or DCP on server or Digital file on server
THE NEW ARCHITECTURE AND THE LONDON ZOO - LONDON ZOO
1936 / b&w / silent / single screen / 15' 30 / 63 €
distribution: 16mm or DCP on server or Digital file on server
OUTTAKES FROM THE FILM "THINGS TO COME"
1936 / 35mm / b&w / silent / single screen / 2' 35 / 21 €
distribution: DCP on server or Digital file on server
ARCHITEKTURKONGRESS
1933 / b&w / silent / single screen / 29' 00 / 118 €
distribution: 16mm or DCP on server or DCP on USB stick or Digital file on USB stick
TÖNENDES ABC / ABC IN SOUND
1933 / b&w / sound / single screen / 1' 55 / 25 € or 16 €
distribution: 16mm or Digital file on server
GROßSTADT ZIGEUNER - GYPSIES (GROSSSTADT ZIGEUNER)
1932 / 16mm / b&w / silent / single screen / 11' 00 / 47 €
distribution: 16mm or DCP on server or Digital file on server or Digital file on USB stick
BERLINER STILLEBEN
1931 / 35mm / b&w / silent / single screen / 9' 00 / 40 €
distribution: 16mm or DCP on server or Digital file on server
  LICHTSPIEL SCHWARZ-WEISS-GRAU
1930 / b&w / silent / single screen / 5' 30 / 38 €
distribution: 16mm or 35mm or DCP on server or Digital file on server
MARSEILLE VIEUX PORT
1929 / 35mm / b&w / silent / single screen / 9' 00 / 40 €
distribution: 16mm or DCP on server or Digital file on server